The historical and artistic heritage of this Croatian city is overwhelming. In fact, it is known as the Pearl of the Adriatic and has become a first-class tourist destination. Every day thousands of visitors pass through here attracted by the history and beauty of the main monuments of Dubrovnik. We are going to talk about them below.
Notes on the history of Dubrovnik
The history of the city is related to its location as an important port of the Adriatic Sea. All the great civilizations of the Mediterranean and Eastern Europe have passed through here. That is, it has been occupied by Byzantines, Venetians, Austro-Hungarians or Turks. And each of these villages has left its mark on Dubrovnik's heritage.
But not all historical traces are in the form of art or monuments. It has also been very convulsive times The latter took place not many years ago, during the Balkan War.
In 1991 the city was massively bombarded and destroyed largely. However, its reconstruction soon began and today there is a period of tourist splendor, like all of Croatia, attracting visitors who want to discover its main monuments.
Essential Dubrovnik Monuments
1. The walls
Undoubtedly, one of the elements of Dubrovnik's heritage that attracts the most attention are the walls that surround its entire historic site. It is a walled initiated in the 10th century. It is still standing, although it has been prolonged and modified over the centuries to configure a set of almost two kilometers.
An essential activity is to travel those two kilometers through the upper part of the walls. Its entire path is followed in a continuous rise and fall that, at times, reaches 25 meters high. In addition, it passes through the 16 towers that mark its route. As we say, it is essential.
2. Pile Gate
There are several points to begin this tour of the walls of Dubrovnik, but one of the most common is the monumental Puerta de Pile, open between the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. It is a door that gives access to the main road of the ancient city. A long pedestrian street known as Stradum or Placa.
3. Source of Onofrio
That plate road treasures many of the monuments of the Croatian city. We will quote you later. But the first one we want to talk about is this sculptural fountain. It is a circular fountain with 16 water jets that flow from the year 1438, when this supply of drinking water was created for the inhabitants of Dubrovnik.
4. Sponza Palace, one of the great monuments of Dubrovnik
At the other end of Placa, after a pleasant walk between palaces and mansions, we arrive at Luza Square. Here stands, for example, the 16th century Sponza Palace. It is an admirable work for its facade, which mixes Gothic and Renaissance art. It is also worth going inside to discover the Memorial Hall of the Defenders and the State Archives.
5. Church of San Blas
Very close to that Renaissance palace we find a baroque church. It is that of San Blas, the patron of the city and whose figure already receives us at the aforementioned Puerta de Pile. It is a temple that was built in the 18th century, although in reality there was already a Romanesque church here. While the current one is a clear heritage of Venetian art in Dubrovnik.
6. The cathedral
From the same period is the Assumption Cathedral, where, by the way, the San Blas relics are venerated. There was also an earlier Romanesque church here, but it collapsed after successive earthquakes in the 17th century. Therefore, at the beginning of the next century, It was built in a baroque style with Italian roots. In fact, even its architect was from the transalpine country.
7. Dominican and Franciscan Monasteries
To end the jewels of the religious architecture of Dubrovnik, we have to name the two monasteries that are in the center of the city. Both are visited, both their churches and their cloisters. But if you visit the Franciscan, you will meet one of the oldest pharmacies in the world, since it has its origins in the fourteenth century.
8. Unique Dubrovnik Monuments: Rector's Palace
We could go on and on talking about the monuments of Dubrovnik, but we will end up in the Rector's Palace. Here the governors of this city lived, which became the independent republic of Ragusa. And much of that history can be known in the museum that today houses inside.
Definitely, It is an excellent place to soak up all the wealth of Dubrovnik. A city that you should not miss and that we recommend arriving by sea, as do many cruises that navigate the Mediterranean.