Nowadays, The Philippines has a total of 240 protected areas. Among them are forest basins, natural parks, protected landscapes and marine sanctuaries. All are of exceptional beauty and wealth.
On the other hand, environmental awareness in the Philippines increases every year, due to the needs of its population increase. Hence the importance of protecting the land from possible human exploitation and the loss of endemic species.
The Department of Environment and Natural Resources of the Philippines is responsible for the management and development of these spaces. 2018 data certify the country's concern, since in that year protected areas were expanded in 94. In this article we wanted to highlight 6 very unique protected areas of the Philippines.
1. Bataan National ParkBataan National Park
It is located in Luzon, just over 90 kilometers from the capital of the Philippines, Manila. It was founded in 1945 and has an area of 150 km². It has thick tropical rainforests and landforms of great beauty. Its mountains, rivers, waterfalls and lakes are highly valued by international tourism, especially by lovers of trekking and hiking.
These jungle forests are home to birds, insects and wild monkeys, as well as several plant species typical of the area, among which the orchids stand out. Further, Inside the national park is Mount Natib, an inactive volcano.
2. Hundred Islands National ParkHundred Islands National Park
It has a total of 124 islands within the protected area. With more than two million years old and formed on a coral reef, only three of the one hundred islands are visited: Governor's Island, Quezon Island, and Children's Island.
During the visit several activities and tours are offered. Among them, stand out the boat trips with a visit to the Imelda cave and the practice of snorkeling and kayaking. Hiking trails with camping are also offered on top of the Governor Island, which shows spectacular views.
3. Protected areas of the Philippines: Basilan National Park
In the autonomous region in Mindanao is the Basilan National Park, another of the protected areas of the Philippines. Located inside the island and only 10 kilometers from the city Isabela, capital of the region, offers the possibility of several routes, among them, one of trekking to get to the top of the island.
Among the most prominent areas of the park are the Cabunbata Falls, a paradisiacal corner created by these waterfalls, surrounded by a unique natural environment. There, in addition to observing native plant species, we can also see tropical birds of great beauty.
4. Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National ParkPuerto Princesa underground river - paweesit / Flickr.com
It is located about 80 kilometers north of the city of Puerto Princesa, in Palawan. Founded in 1992, it is considered a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and since 2012 is part of the 7 new wonders of the world. Here is the longest navigable underground river in the world, with more than 8 kilometers of travel.
During the canoe ride through its caves we are presented with a unique ecosystem formed over hundreds of years. Similarly also we can see exotic bird species, monkeys and other species typical of the region in the area outside the park.
5. Mount Pulag, another of the protected areas of the PhilippinesMount pulag
It is the highest peak in the Luzon region and one of the highest mountains in the Philippines. Declared in February 1987 national park, it has an area of 70 km². This protected area of the Philippines has a mild climate and a long rainy season, which benefits the local fauna and flora.
The park has more than 528 species of plants, among which the dwarf bamboo and the Benguet pine stand out. It also has 33 species of tropical birds and small endemic mammals. It receives many visits throughout the year and tourists highlight not only the beauty of its thick forests, but the views offered by the top of Mount Pulag.
6. Lake Naujan National Park
Lake Naujan is the fifth largest lake in the Philippines. This freshwater lake is located on the island of Mindoro and was declared a national park in March 1956. With an area of 50 km², it has easy access both by sea and by land.
With the arrival of tourism, there are many areas that have improved their facilities for lovers of sustainable tourism. In addition to offering different activities, large numbers of animal species, such as freshwater crocodile, can be reported, which is in danger of extinction.